Before doing the washing by hand, or in the washing machine, you should first check if there are stains to remove. The quicker you act, the easier they are removed.
Each stain has its remedy:
- Coffee: moisten with cold water then wash with warm water.
- Chewing-gum: if possible, place the garment in the deep freeze. When the chewing gum is frozen, it can be removed easily.
- Chocolate: soak in hot water with detergent.
- Glue: moisten with cold water, scrape lightly with a knife then treat with water and ammonia.
- Grass: if possible, treat immediately with a solution of hot water, alcohol and ammonia. If old, moisten with water and glycerine before washing. On wool, you should use denatured alcohol.
- Ice-cream: use cold water. On wool, use a little triethylene.
- Ink: dab with cotton wool soaked in alcohol. On synthetic fibres, use a little triethylene.
- Burn marks: if possible, soak the garments in a solution of half a decilitre of water with two pinches of borax, then wash in water. If the garment cannot be soaked, wipe the mark with cotton wool immersed in a solution of 1 part hydrogen peroxide and 12 parts water. Leave to dry.
- Tomato: if fresh, just wash immediately with water.
- Perfume: dab immediate with cotton wool soaked in hydrogen peroxide.
- Egg: moisten the fabric and wipe with a little warm soap foam.
- Wine: wash with warm water.
- Candle wax: remove the largest pieces by hand. Cover the remaining wax with absorbent paper and iron with a hot iron.