From the plant to the cup

From the plant to the cup

The coffee plant

FAMILY

Rubiacee (Jasmin, Chinaroot, gardenia, etc.)

IDEAL HABITAT

Tropical and equatorial regions 
Warm climate and humidity 
Temperature ranging from 15 to 30 °C (59 to 86 °F) 
Volcanic soils rich in nitrogen

PLANT HEIGHT

The plant can grow to a height of 12 meters (40 feet), but cultivated plants are pruned when they reach 6.5/9.5 ft to make harvesting easier

PLANT LIFE

20 - 30 years

ANNUAL YIELD PER PLANT

Approx. 900g (1.9 lb) of green coffee

FRUIT (SIMILAR TO A CHERRY)

It turns from green to red or yellow when fully ripe

Harvesting

Coffee ripening depends on the rains, so flowers, ripe and unripe berries can all be found at the same time on any one plant.

PICKING

Selective picking involves workers passing from plant to plant, hand-picking only the bright red ripe cherries, one by one. This method is expensive, but the quality of green coffee is excellent. It is the best method, but also the most labour-intensive and time consuming.

STRIPPING

The entire crop is harvested in one go. This can be done either by machine or by hand. In both cases, all of the cherries are stripped off of the branch in one go.

Roasting

Each coffee blend has its own roasting cycle which produces a roasted coffee with a special colour and a unique flavour.

TEMPERATURE

410 - 466 °F (210 - 230°C)

COOLING

Cold air or water

TIME

12-20 minutes

ROASTING METHOD

Contact (Hot air) convection

  • Green coffee loses moisture and its colour changes from green to yellow.
  • Chemical and physical changes in coffee, turning it from yellow to brown.
  • Production of aromas and achievement of the required roasting level.
Finally, coffee is ready for you to enjoy!

Choose your coffee maker

Choose your coffee maker

De'Longhi has a wide range of coffee makers. Find the most suitable coffee machine for your own personal needs

History of coffee

 From ancient times to today, everything there is to know about coffee

From ancient times to the present, everything there is to know about coffee

Coffee blends

Coffee blends

A trip to discover the most famous blends and their characteristics

De'Longhi & Kimbo

De'Longhi & Kimbo

De'Longhi has chosen the top quality Kimbo blends

The Perfect Espresso

The Perfect Espresso

What you need to do to enjoy a perfect espresso

The Perfect Cappuccino

The Perfect Cappuccino

How to recognise the perfect cappuccino.